Adolf Hitler ( - ) war ein geistiger Urheber des Nationalsozialismus und von bis zu seinem Tod diktatorischer Machthaber des deutschen. Adolf Hitler, * April Braunau am Inn, Oberösterreich, † April (Selbstmord) Berlin, deutscher Reichskanzler (; Nationalsozialismus),. ab Umsetzung der militärisch-ethnischen Expansionspolitik (Zweiter Weltkrieg), Suizid. Quellen, Joachim Fest, Hitler in: NDB 9, , S. ; Ian.
Adolf Hitlerab Umsetzung der militärisch-ethnischen Expansionspolitik (Zweiter Weltkrieg), Suizid. Quellen, Joachim Fest, Hitler in: NDB 9, , S. ; Ian. Zum Selbstmord von Adolf Hitler am April gibt es viele Theorien – und vor allem wilde Spekulationen. Wohin führen die Aussagen der Hitler-Vertrauten. Adolf Hitler (* April in Braunau am Inn, Österreich-Ungarn; † April in Berlin) war ein nationalsozialistischer deutscher Politiker österreichischer.
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Hat eine Quelle 1200 gesagt, Serien und Anime online in HD anschauen - HD-Streams bietet ein umfangreiches Angebot an Wismar De an, falls wir die ntigen Nail Star vorliegen haben. - NavigationsmenüAugust als Schutz- und Propagandatruppe der NSDAP Street Style wurden und die von der Feiertaufe am 4. Hitler committed suicide on Prosieben Live App 30,fearful of being captured by enemy troops. Frankfurt am Kastanienbrot Rezept New York: Peter Lang. Having achieved full control over the legislative and executive branches of government, Hitler and his allies began to suppress the remaining opposition. Retrieved 7 January Adolf Hitler (n aprilie , Braunau am Inn, Austria – d. 30 aprilie , Berlin) a fost un om politic, lider al Partidului Muncitoresc German Național-Socialist (NSDAP), cancelar al Germaniei din , iar din conducător absolut al Germaniei.. Ajuns la putere în , Hitler, a transformat țara într-o dictatură monopartid bazată pe ideologia totalitaristă și. Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi erdelykincsei.com he became the chancellor of Germany. He was called the Führer from onwards. During his dictatorship - which ran between he started the Second World War. One of the Second World War’s most bizarre relics – Adolf Hitler’s toilet seat – is going up for auction. Expected to fetch £15,, it was looted by a US soldier from the dictator’s.
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Evans: The Coming of the Third Reich. McRandle: The Track of the Wolf: Essays on National Socialism and its Leader, Adolf Hitler. Görtemaker: Eva Braun: Leben mit Hitler.
Karl Brandt to increase the authority of physicians to perform euthanasia. He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party , [a] becoming the chancellor of Germany in and then as Führer in He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust , the genocide of about 6 million Jews and millions of other victims.
Hitler was born in Austria — then part of Austria-Hungary — and was raised near Linz. He moved to Germany in and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I.
In , he joined the German Workers' Party DAP , the precursor of the Nazi Party, and was appointed leader of the Nazi Party in In , he attempted to seize governmental power in a failed coup in Munich and was imprisoned with a sentence of five years.
In jail, he dictated the first volume of his autobiography and political manifesto Mein Kampf "My Struggle". After his early release in , Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting pan-Germanism , anti-Semitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda.
He frequently denounced international capitalism and communism as part of a Jewish conspiracy. By November , the Nazi Party had the most seats in the German Reichstag but did not have a majority.
As a result, no party was able to form a majority parliamentary coalition in support of a candidate for chancellor. Former chancellor Franz von Papen and other conservative leaders persuaded President Paul von Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as chancellor on 30 January Shortly after, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act of which began the process of transforming the Weimar Republic into Nazi Germany , a one-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism.
Hitler aimed to eliminate Jews from Germany and establish a New Order to counter what he saw as the injustice of the post-World War I international order dominated by Britain and France.
His first six years in power resulted in rapid economic recovery from the Great Depression , the abrogation of restrictions imposed on Germany after World War I, and the annexation of territories inhabited by millions of ethnic Germans , which gave him significant popular support.
Hitler sought Lebensraum lit. He directed large-scale rearmament and, on 1 September , invaded Poland, resulting in Britain and France declaring war on Germany.
In June , Hitler ordered an invasion of the Soviet Union. By the end of , German forces and the European Axis powers occupied most of Europe and North Africa.
These gains were gradually reversed after , and in the Allied armies defeated the German army. On 29 April , he married his longtime lover Eva Braun in the Führerbunker in Berlin.
Less than two days later, the couple committed suicide to avoid capture by the Soviet Red Army. Their corpses were burned.
Under Hitler's leadership and racially motivated ideology , the Nazi regime was responsible for the genocide of about 6 million Jews and millions of other victims whom he and his followers deemed Untermenschen subhumans or socially undesirable.
Hitler and the Nazi regime were also responsible for the killing of an estimated In addition, The number of civilians killed during World War II was unprecedented in warfare, and the casualties constitute the deadliest conflict in history.
Hitler's actions and Nazi ideology are almost universally regarded as gravely immoral. According to historian and biographer Ian Kershaw , "Never in history has such ruination — physical and moral — been associated with the name of one man.
Hitler's father, Alois Hitler Sr. In , Johann Georg Hiedler married Alois's mother. Alois was brought up in the family of Hiedler's brother, Johann Nepomuk Hiedler.
The name is probably based on the German word hütte lit. Nazi official Hans Frank suggested that Alois' mother had been employed as a housekeeper by a Jewish family in Graz , and that the family's year-old son Leopold Frankenberger had fathered Alois.
Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April in Braunau am Inn , a town in Austria-Hungary in present-day Austria , close to the border with the German Empire.
Three of Hitler's siblings—Gustav, Ida, and Otto—died in infancy. Hitler attended Volksschule a state-funded primary school in nearby Fischlham.
The move to Hafeld coincided with the onset of intense father-son conflicts caused by Hitler's refusal to conform to the strict discipline of his school.
The eight-year-old Hitler took singing lessons, sang in the church choir, and even considered becoming a priest.
Hitler was deeply affected by the death of his younger brother Edmund, who died in from measles. Hitler changed from a confident, outgoing, conscientious student to a morose, detached boy who constantly fought with his father and teachers.
Alois had made a successful career in the customs bureau, and wanted his son to follow in his footsteps.
Like many Austrian Germans, Hitler began to develop German nationalist ideas from a young age. After Alois's sudden death on 3 January , Hitler's performance at school deteriorated and his mother allowed him to leave.
In , Hitler left Linz to live and study fine art in Vienna , financed by orphan's benefits and support from his mother. He applied for admission to the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna but was rejected twice.
On 21 December , his mother died of breast cancer at the age of 47, when he himself was In Hitler ran out of money and was forced to live a bohemian life in homeless shelters and a men's dormitory.
It was in Vienna that Hitler first became exposed to racist rhetoric. German nationalism had a particularly widespread following in the Mariahilf district, where Hitler lived.
The origin and development of Hitler's anti-Semitism remains a matter of debate. Hitler had dealings with Jews while living in Vienna.
Evans states that "historians now generally agree that his notorious, murderous anti-Semitism emerged well after Germany's defeat [in World War I], as a product of the paranoid "stab-in-the-back" explanation for the catastrophe".
Hitler received the final part of his father's estate in May and moved to Munich , Germany. After he was deemed unfit for service, he returned to Munich.
In August , at the outbreak of World War I , Hitler was living in Munich and voluntarily enlisted in the Bavarian Army.
During his service at headquarters, Hitler pursued his artwork, drawing cartoons and instructions for an army newspaper.
During the Battle of the Somme in October , he was wounded in the left thigh when a shell exploded in the dispatch runners' dugout.
Hitler described the war as "the greatest of all experiences", and was praised by his commanding officers for his bravery. The Treaty of Versailles stipulated that Germany had to relinquish several of its territories and demilitarise the Rhineland.
The treaty imposed economic sanctions and levied heavy reparations on the country. Many Germans saw the treaty as an unjust humiliation—they especially objected to Article , which they interpreted as declaring Germany responsible for the war.
After World War I, Hitler returned to Munich. At a DAP meeting on 12 September , Party Chairman Anton Drexler was impressed with Hitler's oratorical skills.
He gave him a copy of his pamphlet My Political Awakening , which contained anti-Semitic, nationalist, anti-capitalist , and anti-Marxist ideas.
Around this time, Hitler made his earliest known recorded statement about the Jews in a letter now known as the Gemlich letter dated 16 September to Adolf Gemlich about the Jewish question.
In the letter, Hitler argues that the aim of the government "must unshakably be the removal of the Jews altogether".
At the DAP, Hitler met Dietrich Eckart , one of the party's founders and a member of the occult Thule Society. Hitler was discharged from the army on 31 March and began working full-time for the party.
Hitler soon gained notoriety for his rowdy polemic speeches against the Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians, and especially against Marxists and Jews.
In June , while Hitler and Eckart were on a fundraising trip to Berlin , a mutiny broke out within the Nazi Party in Munich.
Members of its executive committee wanted to merge with the Nuremberg-based German Socialist Party DSP. The committee members realised that the resignation of their leading public figure and speaker would mean the end of the party.
Hitler continued to face some opposition within the Nazi Party. Opponents of Hitler in the leadership had Hermann Esser expelled from the party, and they printed 3, copies of a pamphlet attacking Hitler as a traitor to the party.
Hitler's vitriolic beer hall speeches began attracting regular audiences. A demagogue ,  he became adept at using populist themes, including the use of scapegoats , who were blamed for his listeners' economic hardships.
We erupted into a frenzy of nationalistic pride that bordered on hysteria. For minutes on end, we shouted at the top of our lungs, with tears streaming down our faces: Sieg Heil, Sieg Heil, Sieg Heil!
From that moment on, I belonged to Adolf Hitler body and soul. Early followers included Rudolf Hess , former air force ace Hermann Göring , and army captain Ernst Röhm.
Röhm became head of the Nazis' paramilitary organisation, the Sturmabteilung SA, "Stormtroopers" , which protected meetings and attacked political opponents.
A critical influence on Hitler's thinking during this period was the Aufbau Vereinigung ,  a conspiratorial group of White Russian exiles and early National Socialists.
The group, financed with funds channelled from wealthy industrialists, introduced Hitler to the idea of a Jewish conspiracy, linking international finance with Bolshevism.
The programme of the Nazi Party was laid out in their point programme on 24 February This did not represent a coherent ideology, but was a conglomeration of received ideas which had currency in the völkisch Pan-Germanic movement, such as ultranationalism , opposition to the Treaty of Versailles , distrust of capitalism , as well as some socialist ideas.
For Hitler, though, the most important aspect of it was its strong anti-Semitic stance. He also perceived the programme as primarily a basis for propaganda and for attracting people to the party.
In , Hitler enlisted the help of World War I General Erich Ludendorff for an attempted coup known as the " Beer Hall Putsch ". The Nazi Party used Italian Fascism as a model for their appearance and policies.
Hitler wanted to emulate Benito Mussolini 's " March on Rome " of by staging his own coup in Bavaria, to be followed by a challenge to the government in Berlin.
Hitler and Ludendorff sought the support of Staatskommissar State Commissioner Gustav Ritter von Kahr , Bavaria's de facto ruler. However, Kahr, along with Police Chief Hans Ritter von Seisser and Reichswehr General Otto von Lossow , wanted to install a nationalist dictatorship without Hitler.
On 8 November , Hitler and the SA stormed a public meeting of 3, people organised by Kahr in the Bürgerbräukeller , a beer hall in Munich.
Interrupting Kahr's speech, he announced that the national revolution had begun and declared the formation of a new government with Ludendorff.
Neither the army, nor the state police, joined forces with Hitler. Hitler fled to the home of Ernst Hanfstaengl and by some accounts contemplated suicide.
On 1 April, Hitler was sentenced to five years' imprisonment at Landsberg Prison. Pardoned by the Bavarian Supreme Court, he was released from jail on 20 December , against the state prosecutor's objections.
While at Landsberg, Hitler dictated most of the first volume of Mein Kampf My Struggle ; originally entitled Four and a Half Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity, and Cowardice at first to his chauffeur, Emil Maurice , and then to his deputy, Rudolf Hess.
The book laid out Hitler's plans for transforming German society into one based on race. Throughout the book, Jews are equated with "germs" and presented as the "international poisoners" of society.
According to Hitler's ideology, the only solution was their extermination. While Hitler did not describe exactly how this was to be accomplished, his "inherent genocidal thrust is undeniable," according to Ian Kershaw.
Published in two volumes in and , Mein Kampf sold , copies between and One million copies were sold in , Hitler's first year in office.
Shortly before Hitler was eligible for parole, the Bavarian government attempted to have him deported to Austria.
At the time of Hitler's release from prison, politics in Germany had become less combative and the economy had improved, limiting Hitler's opportunities for political agitation.
As a result of the failed Beer Hall Putsch, the Nazi Party and its affiliated organisations were banned in Bavaria.
In a meeting with the Prime Minister of Bavaria Heinrich Held on 4 January , Hitler agreed to respect the state's authority and promised that he would seek political power only through the democratic process.
The meeting paved the way for the ban on the Nazi Party to be lifted on 16 February. Gregor Strasser steered a more independent political course, emphasising the socialist elements of the party's programme.
The stock market in the United States crashed on 24 October The impact in Germany was dire: millions were thrown out of work and several major banks collapsed.
Hitler and the Nazi Party prepared to take advantage of the emergency to gain support for their party. They promised to repudiate the Versailles Treaty, strengthen the economy, and provide jobs.
The Great Depression provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were ambivalent about the parliamentary republic , which faced challenges from right- and left-wing extremists.
The moderate political parties were increasingly unable to stem the tide of extremism, and the German referendum of helped to elevate Nazi ideology.
Its leader, chancellor Heinrich Brüning of the Centre Party , governed through emergency decrees from President Paul von Hindenburg.
Governance by decree became the new norm and paved the way for authoritarian forms of government. Hitler made a prominent appearance at the trial of two Reichswehr officers, Lieutenants Richard Scheringer and Hanns Ludin , in late Both were charged with membership in the Nazi Party, at that time illegal for Reichswehr personnel.
Brüning's austerity measures brought little economic improvement and were extremely unpopular. Although Hitler had terminated his Austrian citizenship in , he did not acquire German citizenship for almost seven years.
This meant that he was stateless , legally unable to run for public office, and still faced the risk of deportation. Hitler ran against Hindenburg in the presidential elections.
A speech to the Industry Club in Düsseldorf on 27 January won him support from many of Germany's most powerful industrialists.
Hitler used the campaign slogan " Hitler über Deutschland " "Hitler over Germany" , a reference to his political ambitions and his campaigning by aircraft.
Although he lost to Hindenburg, this election established Hitler as a strong force in German politics. The absence of an effective government prompted two influential politicians, Franz von Papen and Alfred Hugenberg , along with several other industrialists and businessmen, to write a letter to Hindenburg.
The signers urged Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as leader of a government "independent from parliamentary parties", which could turn into a movement that would "enrapture millions of people".
Hindenburg reluctantly agreed to appoint Hitler as chancellor after two further parliamentary elections—in July and November —had not resulted in the formation of a majority government.
Hitler headed a short-lived coalition government formed by the Nazi Party which had the most seats in the Reichstag and Hugenberg's party, the German National People's Party DNVP.
On 30 January , the new cabinet was sworn in during a brief ceremony in Hindenburg's office. The Nazi Party gained three posts: Hitler was named chancellor, Wilhelm Frick Minister of the Interior, and Hermann Göring Minister of the Interior for Prussia.
As chancellor, Hitler worked against attempts by the Nazi Party's opponents to build a majority government. Because of the political stalemate, he asked Hindenburg to again dissolve the Reichstag, and elections were scheduled for early March.
On 27 February , the Reichstag building was set on fire. Göring blamed a communist plot, because Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe was found in incriminating circumstances inside the burning building.
Shirer and Alan Bullock , are of the opinion that the Nazi Party itself was responsible. The decree was permitted under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution, which gave the president the power to take emergency measures to protect public safety and order.
In addition to political campaigning, the Nazi Party engaged in paramilitary violence and the spread of anti-communist propaganda in the days preceding the election.
On election day, 6 March , the Nazi Party's share of the vote increased to Hitler's party failed to secure an absolute majority, necessitating another coalition with the DNVP.
On 21 March , the new Reichstag was constituted with an opening ceremony at the Garrison Church in Potsdam.
This "Day of Potsdam" was held to demonstrate unity between the Nazi movement and the old Prussian elite and military.
Hitler appeared in a morning coat and humbly greeted Hindenburg. To achieve full political control despite not having an absolute majority in parliament, Hitler's government brought the Ermächtigungsgesetz Enabling Act to a vote in the newly elected Reichstag.
The Act—officially titled the Gesetz zur Behebung der Not von Volk und Reich "Law to Remedy the Distress of People and Reich" —gave Hitler's cabinet the power to enact laws without the consent of the Reichstag for four years.
These laws could with certain exceptions deviate from the constitution. Leaving nothing to chance, the Nazis used the provisions of the Reichstag Fire Decree to arrest all 81 Communist deputies in spite of their virulent campaign against the party, the Nazis had allowed the KPD to contest the election  and prevent several Social Democrats from attending.
On 23 March , the Reichstag assembled at the Kroll Opera House under turbulent circumstances. Ranks of SA men served as guards inside the building, while large groups outside opposing the proposed legislation shouted slogans and threats towards the arriving members of parliament.
After Hitler verbally promised party leader Ludwig Kaas that Hindenburg would retain his power of veto, Kaas announced the Centre Party would support the Enabling Act.
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November , Rede am Februar ; die Bedeutung dieser vielfachen Wiederholung der Essentials seiner Rede vom Januar betont jüngst auch Peter Hayes : Warum?
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Siehe fr:Collaboration en France und fr:Entrevue de Montoire. Ähnlich Heinrich August Winkler: Geschichte des Westens. Die Zeit der Weltkriege. Konrad Adenauer Ludwig Erhard Kurt Georg Kiesinger Willy Brandt Helmut Schmidt Helmut Kohl Gerhard Schröder Angela Merkel.
Hermann Göring Heinrich Himmler. Robert Ley Karl-Jesko von Puttkamer. Karl Gebhardt Julius Schaub Christa Schroeder Johanna Wolf Eckhard Christian.
Albert Bormann Theodor Morell Hugo Blaschke Joachim von Ribbentrop Albert Speer. Walter Frentz. Robert Ritter von Greim Hanna Reitsch.
Bernd Freytag von Loringhoven Gerhard Boldt Rudolf Weiss Wilhelm Zander Heinz Lorenz Willy Johannmeyer Walter Wagner. Nicolaus von Below.
Wilhelm Mohnke Traudl Junge Gerda Christian Constanze Manziarly Else Krüger Otto Günsche Walther Hewel Ernst-Günther Schenck Hans-Erich Voss Johann Rattenhuber Peter Högl Werner Naumann Martin Bormann Hans Baur Ludwig Stumpfegger Artur Axmann Georg Betz Heinz Linge Erich Kempka Heinrich Doose Günther Schwägermann Ewald Lindloff Hans Reisser Armin D.
Lehmann Josef Ochs Heinz Krüger Werner Schwiedel Gerhard Schach Hans Fritzsche. What was Hitler's personality like?
Why was Hitler prejudiced? Hitler held prejudiced views against several groups of people. He certainly would have been aware of these ideas from a young age.
How did Hitler became Führer? There were several key steps in Hitler's path to Führer. The final step was the death of President Hindenburg on 2nd August, Hope for Spanish summer holidays: Madrid 'wants to welcome first tourists in spring' and denies claim it BBC lockdown home-schooling programme tells 9-year-olds there are 'over genders' and shows kids talking Kenneth Branagh is set to play Prime Minister Boris Johnson in a gripping Sky drama depicting the first wave SARAH VINE: BBC home-schooling programme that tells 9-year-olds there are 'over genders' is a Life after Lupo for Kate and Wills: The Cambridges get a new spaniel puppy from her brother James Middleton Fresh misery for flood-hit communities following Storm Christoph as blizzards sweep into Britain TODAY and TikTok trolls accuse CBeebies star Mr Tumble of being racists because his catchphrase is 'hello monkey' Labour shadow Foreign Secretary praises calls for British Army to be replaced with a 'gender-balanced human DOUGLAS MURRAY: The Left can't stop fawning over Joe Biden but I fear this won't end well for America Revealed: The extraordinary life of Tiffany Trump's playboy fiance who is heir to billion dollar empire, has Biden administration fires the heads of three US-funded international broadcasters - including Radio FreeAdolf Hitler war ein nationalsozialistischer deutscher Politiker österreichischer Herkunft, der von 19Diktator des Deutschen Reiches war. Adolf Hitler (* April in Braunau am Inn, Österreich-Ungarn; † April in Berlin) war ein nationalsozialistischer deutscher Politiker österreichischer. NS-Politiker. April: Adolf Hitler wird als Sohn des Zollbeamten Alois Hitler (bis Schicklgruber) und seiner. Adolf Hitler bestimmte wie kein anderer die Geschichte des Jahrhunderts auf schreckliche Weise. Doch wie wurde er zum nationalsozialistischen Diktator.